Droplet infection: According to the information obtained so far, the primary route of transmission of the corona pathogen SARS-CoV-2 is droplet infection. In droplet infection, the pathogen spreads into the air by coughing or sneezing. Other people inhale these pathogens, and in the worst case, the disease is transmitted to them as well.
Indirect infection: It is also possible to transmit the virus indirectly. People who have previously coughed or sneezed into their hands touch objects such as door handles, cell phones, touch screens or chair backs. Viruses remain on the surface and are transmitted from here to healthy people.
Infection by contact (smear infection): Smear infection is also one of the spreading ways of virus-borne diseases. For example, even the smallest, contaminated traces of human feces can reach a healthy person from dirty hands. Infection can also occur when the pathogen directly enters the body through the mucous membranes in the eyes, throat, nose, or through the upper respiratory tract, for example, with a kiss. Whether SARS-CoV-2 is transmitted by smear infection is still uncertain. One of the most singular methods of preventing smear infection is to wash your hands thoroughly with a standard soap.